Sales of insecticides, herbicides and fungicides do not slow down and their use knows no respite: Pesticides, how to regulate them?
More than 300 pesticides are authorized in France. These products contaminate all environments, not just agricultural environments. Since the 1960s and the iconic ” silent spring » of the biologist Rachel Carson, the alerts are numerous, and multiple expert reports show how much these products contribute to the collapse of biodiversity. How are these environmental risks assessed? What are the alternative solutions?
Pesticides: license to kill?
We are pleased to receive Laura Mamy, research director at INRAE, she participated in the writing of the Ifremer-INRAE report released in May on the impact of phytosanitary products on the environment and Wilfried SanchezDeputy Scientific Director at Ifremer in charge of the theme Contaminants and impacts on the marine environment, co-pilot of the Ocean & Climate priority research program launched in 2021, who also participated in the drafting of this report.
What do we know about the consequences of pesticides on human health? Among farmers, the causal link between exposure to pesticides and the emergence of Parkinson’s disease is proven, making this pathology a recognized occupational disease. However, the neurotoxicity of these phytosanitary products remains poorly understood, whether at the cellular or molecular level. Report in the laboratory of Julien Dairoux, who analyzes this problem with his team at the University of Paris Cité, focusing on the study of carbamates, a family of pesticides that alter the functioning of an enzyme involved in the repair of neuronal cells , and promotes the development of Parkinson’s disease . By Celine Loozen:
LA_SCIENCE_CQFD – Report
find the thread of the program of the day on the twitter feed of La Science, CQFD.
[A venir] Use the diversity of plant cover to regulate pests and protect crops (Inrae)
Grandstand: “We will no longer be able to say that we did not know”: 80 organizations demand the end of synthetic pesticides (September 21, 2022)
Impacts of plant protection products on biodiversity and ecosystem services (Ifremer, September 2022)
Glyphosate: Independent Experts Question Integrity of Registration Work (Le Monde, July 1, 2022)
Scientific expertise shows how pesticides contribute to the erosion of biodiversity (JDD, May 2022)
Pesticides and biodiversity, dangerous liaisons (The Conversation, May 2022)
Coastal waters: does pesticide contamination promote antibiotic-resistant bacteria? (The Conversation, May 2022)
Reducing the use of pesticides: the reasons for failure (Le Monde, March 2022)
All about pesticides in France (Les Echos, February 2022)
Pesticides and Health – New Data (Inserm, 2021)
“The new ‘pollinators’ plan forgets the essential: pesticides” (The World, 2021)
119 European parliamentarians denounce the “flaws” of the pesticide evaluation system (The World, 2021)
Neonicotinoids “bee killers”: the government’s forced passage (Reporter, 2021)
What are the pesticides used for, which are found in our food? (The World, 2019)
In 30 years, nearly 80% of insects would have disappeared in Europe (The World, 2017)
Pesticides: Italy has shown that there are alternatives (The World, 2017)
Infographics – Purchases and sales of phytosanitary products in France in 2020: data visualization application (OFB, 2022)
Headline of the day: The vegetables by Gaëtan Nonchalant
The opening credits: Goca Dunya by Altin Gun
End credits: pingpxng by Yin Yin References