Leaps forward in broken jaw surgery

Some 50,000 soldiers were disfigured by bullets and shrapnel during the First World War. akg-images / Denise Bellon

DECRYPTION – Developed with the ravages of the First World War, maxillofacial surgery has made staggering progress in a very short time.

It is a specialty that took off in the din of the First World War, responsible for some 50,000 soldiers disfigured by bullets and shrapnel. “This large number of broken mouths was a surprise and nothing had been imagined for their care in terms of reconstructiondetails Sophie Delaporte, historian, lecturer at the University of Picardie-Jules-Verne (Amiens) and author of the book faces of war (Belin Editions, 2017). It is therefore general surgeons who have transposed general surgery techniques to try to reconstruct the skeleton and the facial envelope in order to allow these men to be able to breathe, eat, communicate again. Maxillofacial surgery disappeared between the wars and only reappeared at the end of the Second World War, thanks in particular to two surgeons, Léon Dufourmentel and Maurice Virenque, and to the birth of the first maxillofacial surgery department in 1946. …

This article is for subscribers only. You have 85% left to discover.

Pushing back the limits of science is also freedom.

Keep reading your article for €0.99 for the first month

Already subscribed? Login

.

Leave a Comment